Rachels p1 of 8 the ethics of virtue by james rachels 1 this reading is a chapter from rachels' ethics textbook where he describe virtue ethics, the moral theory that centers on the. Aristotle's virtue theory - part of the philosophy and ethics syllabus from ocr a-level. Taking an ethics class this article summarizes terms and types of ethical theories that may help you succeed in your course. Introduction virtue ethics is a theory used to make moral decisions it does not rely on religion, society or culture it only depends on the individuals themselves.
The nature of virtue ethics1 the current renewal of philosophical interest in the virtues is one of the most noteworthy developments in contemporary ethical theory. Virtue argumentation andrew aberdein virtue ethics is perhaps the fastest growing ﬁeld in ethical theory virtue theo-ries have also been proposed in other disciplines, such as epistemology and jurispru. Virtue ethics is a type of normative ethical theory that regards virtue evaluation as the primary form of evaluation, in contrast to theories that focus on right action some writers fold theories about virtue into virtue ethics, though the two are distinct a utilitarian, for example, can. These are emphasized by modern moral theories like utilitarianism and duty ethics, which tend to focus on rules and dilemmas. Ethics resources for students and teachers ocr a level rs philosophy and ethics ethical theories include kant, natural law, situation ethics, virtue ethics and utilitarianism ethical issues include abortion, euthanasia, genetic engineering, war, infertility treatment. Virtue theory holds that ethics is an inherent part of business and that it is necessary to integrate moral theory into management theory and practice.
Virtue ethics and character consequentialism  nicholas f gier published in dialogue: a journal of religion and philosophy (spring, 2006) linked with permission of the editor for the ancient greeks the word aret j, which we translate as virtue, literally means function or more aptly excellence. Aristotle conceives of ethical theory as a field distinct from the theoretical sciences add on practical wisdom ethical virtue is fully developed only when it is combined with practical wisdom (1144b14-17. Virtue ethics (or virtue theory) is an approach to ethics that emphasizes an individual's character as the key element of ethical thinking, rather than rules about the acts themselves or their consequences (consequentialism) there are three main strands of virtue ethics: eudaimonism is the classical formulation of virtue ethics. This theory is based on the action itself being the main determinent for ethical conduct article example: the nurse caring for a patient with a terminal diagnosis that the family wants to conceal nurse would consider autonomy, avoiding harm to the patient as the guide for her action this form of.
Chapter summary virtue ethics is a moral theory that makes virtue the central concern in virtue ethics, moral conduct is supposed to radiate naturally from moral virtues. The weaknesses of virtue ethics outweigh its strengths strengths of virtue ethics strengths continued it places an emphasis on caring for humans (this is speciesist) that are close to the agent virtue ethics is an ethical theory that was created by aristotle. What is virtue ethics can only a virtuous person be ethical what is the basis of virtue ethics. In western philosophy, ethical theories of virtue date back as far as plato and aristotle in the third and fourth centuries bc but in the late 20 th century virtue ethics began to reemerge as an important philosophical theory.
Aristotle (384-322 bc) was born in the greek colony of stagira in macedonia his fathers name was nicomachus, he was a learned person and a. Home → sparknotes → philosophy study guides → aristotle so that the title nicomachean may refer to this particular edition of aristotle's ethical works the nicomachean ethics advances an understanding of ethics known as virtue ethics because of its heavy reliance on the.
Some argue that virtue ethics is circular and gives us no guidance on what to do the only guidance virtue theory offers us when it comes to our own actions is to tell us to seek out virtuous people and emulate them moral knowledge is practical, not theoretical, knowledge 17.
1 preliminaries in the west, virtue ethics' founding fathers are plato and aristotle, and in the east it can be traced back to mencius and confucius. Virtue ethics is one of the theories of normative ethics normative ethics is the study of what makes an action morally right or wrong there are several other theories of normative ethics deontology teaches that the morality of actions depends on if those actions obey established rules or laws. Virtue ethics is an approach that deemphasizes rules, consequences and particular acts and places the focus on the kind of person who is acting. Rachels thinks that moral philosophy needs virtue ethics (1) but perhaps this justifies virtue ethics in terms of ethical egoism b can't resolve cases where. Virtue ethics is a branch of moral philosophy that emphasizes character, rather than rules or consequences, as the key element of ethical thinkingin the west virtue ethics was the prevailing approach to ethical thinking in the ancient and medieval periods the tradition suffered an eclipse during the early modern period, as aristotelianism. The purpose of this essay is to talk about virtue ethics. Virtue theory note language use: virtue is an old-fashioned word translating the greek arete, which means human excellence virtue theorists have in mind an ethics of character but virtue theory is not the whole of ethics.